Frequent question: Is skiing a gerund or participle?

That’s not right. Therefore, “skiing” in this case is not a participle, but a gerund. Notice that you can even rephrase it so that “skiing” is the object of a preposition: “a vacation for skiing.” This clinches the case that “skiing” is a gerund here.

How do you know if it is a gerund or participle?

A gerund is a verb that ends with -ing (such as dancing, flying, etc.), that functions as a noun. An infinitive is a verb that is preceded by the word “to” (such as to run, to fly, to play, etc.). A participle also ends in -ing like a gerund, but it does not function as a noun.

Is skiing a gerund?

Gerunds are nouns that are formed from verbs by adding -ing. … Because it’s a noun, a gerund can be the subject or object of a verb, or the object of a preposition, as shown in these examples: Skiing is my favorite sport. (Skiing is the subject of is.)

What is the difference between gerund and participle phrases?

Gerund and present participle phrases are easy to confuse because they both begin with an ing word. The difference is that a gerund phrase will always function as a noun while a present participle phrase functions as an adjective.

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How do you identify a participle?

Points to remember

  1. A participle is a verbal ending in -ing (present) or -ed, -en, -d, -t, -n, or -ne (past) that functions as an adjective, modifying a noun or pronoun.
  2. A participial phrase consists of a participle plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s).

What is a gerund in English?

A gerund is an instance when a verb is being used in a very particular way – as a noun! You do this by changing the infinitive form of the verb, and adding “ing” at the end.

How do you identify a gerund?

A gerund phrase can be a subject, subject complement, direct object, indirect object, or object of a preposition. To find gerund phrases, first look for the verb ending in ‘-ing’ then determine if it is acting as a noun or if it is a present participle showing continuing action.

What are examples of gerunds?

Examples of Gerunds

  • Swimming in the ocean has been Sharon’s passion since she was five years old.
  • Let’s go dancing at the club tonight.
  • I delayed telling Jerry the bad news.
  • Holly decided that flying above the clouds was the most incredible experience she’d ever had.

Is surfing a gerund?

A gerund is a form of a verb ending in -ing that acts as a noun. Some examples of gerunds and gerund phrases would be the following: Jenna’s favorite summer activity is surfing.

What are the 5 types of gerund?

Types of gerunds

  • Subjects.
  • Predicate Nominative.
  • Direct object.
  • Object of preposition.

Can you end a sentence with a gerund?

A gerund is a noun made from a verb root plus ing (a present participle). A whole gerund phrase functions in a sentence just like a noun, and can act as a subject, an object, or a predicate nominative. … In all three of these examples, words ending with -ing are acting as nouns.

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What is a gerund sentence?

A gerund is the –ing form of a verb that functions the same as a noun. For example, “Running is fun.” In this sentence, “running” is the gerund. It acts just like a noun.

How do you identify a dangling participle?

In grammar, a dangling participle is an adjective that is unintentionally modifying the wrong noun in a sentence. An example is: “Walking through the kitchen, the smoke alarm was going off.” This sentence literally means that the smoke alarm was taking a stroll.

What words are participles?


  • shooting star (shoot = verb, star = noun)
  • crying babies (cry = verb, babies = noun)
  • frozen food (froze = verb, food = noun)
  • burnt toast (burn = verb, toast = noun)
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